Since 2016, the European Union has been negotiating with Tunisia a new free trade agreement (ACFTA) aimed at strengthening reciprocal market access for all goods, services and investments. But great obstacles still need to be overcome. The EU is reluctant to grant agricultural concessions that would make a deal attractive to Tunis, while civil society, the Tunisian economy and Tunisian politics as a whole oppose it. A smart agreement could promote economic modernization and growth in order to strengthen and stabilize Tunisia`s young democracy. This is of course also in the interests of the EU. However, no significant progress is expected following the European Parliament elections and the legislative and presidential elections that took place at the end of 2019 in Tunisia. The interval should be used to reach a broader consensus in Tunisia and allow Tunis to develop its own negotiating strategy. 7. In many cases, the Association Agreement replaces a cooperation agreement and thus strengthens relations between partners. 3. Duly empowered officials of one of the contracting parties may, with the agreement of the other party concerned and under the conditions set by the other party, receive information from the offices of the required authority or authority under the jurisdiction of the required authority, on transactions that are or are likely to be contrary to the customs legislation that the applicant authority requires for the purposes of this protocol. The first states to sign such an agreement were Greece (1961)  and Turkey (1963).
 5. If necessary, the parties agree on other areas of economic cooperation. The meeting of the agreement establishing an association between the Community and its Member States, on the one hand, and the Republic of Tunisia, on the other, adopted, on 17 July in Brussels, the following texts: These procedures are adopted by mutual agreement between the contracting parties, with the most appropriate instruments, after the agreement comes into force. But exports do not require the acquis or full harmonisation with EU standards: mutual recognition of production processes offers an alternative. In the manufacturing sector, this has long been planned for Mediterranean partners: the Industrial Product Compliance Assessment and Accreditation Agreements (ACAAs) aim to facilitate trade by recognising verification procedures.