The Commission hopes to guide and inspire First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples and Canadians in a process of truth and healing that leads to reconciliation and renewed relationships based on mutual understanding and respect. In an emailed statement, a spokesman for the office of the Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations said he welcomed the report because it “highlights areas of improvement” for future settlement processes. The statement indicates that the government is already taking into account the views of survivors when it comes to implementing the Commission`s calls for action. The agreement was announced by the Canadian federal government on May 8, 2006 with its implementation in September 2007. The five main components of the IRSSA are the Common Experience Payment (CEP), the Independent Assessment Process (IAP), the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), Commemoration, and Health and Healing Services.  The closure of the heritage of Indian residential schools is at the heart of reconciliation and renewal of relations between the Aboriginal peoples who attended these schools, their families and communities, and all Canadians. People ask, “What can we do?” or “What can I do?” or they are not sure or uncomfortable when it comes to getting involved. It may seem discouraging, and both answers are normal. The fact that you took the time to complete all the sections of this manual has already made a difference, and if you can share with your fellow human beings, you will make a difference. As we have seen, there are many stereotypes and problems when people do not know the truth or any information about Aboriginal peoples. Awareness is very important.
The Commission considers reconciliation to be an ongoing, individual and collective process that requires the participation of all those involved in the school experience. These include First Nations, Inuit and Métis alumni, their families, communities, religious groups, former employees of the Indian Residential School, government and people in Canada. In 2008, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was tasked with revealing the truth about the history and enduring legacy of Canada`s housing education system in depth and honor. The Commission was also tasked with promoting reconciliation in Aboriginal families and between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on the basis of inclusion and respect. The benefits of federal benefits excluded survivors from residential schools in Newfoundland and Labrador. Since Canada did not build or have residential schools in that province (Newfoundland did not belong to Canada when the schools opened), the federal government argued that it was not responsible for compensation for former students.